Title: Tabātabā’i: Theory of Iʿtibāriyyāt and His Political Philosophy
Authors: Olamaiekopaie, Maryam
Arzroomchilar, Ehsan
Citation: Acta Fakulty filozofické Západočeské univerzity v Plzni. 2022, č. 1, s. 21–36.
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: Západočeská univerzita v Plzni
Document type: článek
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11025/49239
ISSN: 1805-0364 (print)
2336-6346 (online)
Keywords: mentální konstrukce;současné islámské myšlení;iʿtibāriyyāt;Tabātabā'i
Keywords in different language: mental constructions;contemporary Islamic thought;iʿtibāriyyāt;Tabātabā'i
Abstract in different language: Tabātabā'i is one of the greatest philosophers in the contemporary Islamic world. In this paper, his significant contribution to Islamic philosophy, namely the theory of iʿtibāriyyāt, is discussed. He divides all knowledge into two categories; haqīqī, originating from the external world, and iʿtibārī, constructed out of human needs. The latter kind of knowledge is unreal in the sense that it originates from the soul rather than from the world. Yet it is real in the sense that its effects are visible in the world. Iʿtibāriyyāt can be further classified into categories. More importantly, they are formulated in terms of either being formed before a society is established, i.e., pre-society iʿtibāriyyāt, or being formed when there is already a society around, i.e., post-society iʿtibāriyyāt. The following section of the paper presents the application of Tabātabā'i’s theory in the context of his political philosophy. As we will explain, he seems to favour a religious regulating system when it comes to the content of laws. In contrast, he seems open to a non-religious form of political system insofar as he sympathizes with democracy.
Rights: © CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
Appears in Collections:Číslo 1 (2022)
Číslo 1 (2022)

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