Title: Jeruzalémský chrám v proměnách věku
Authors: Moulis, David Rafael
Citation: Acta Fakulty filozofické Západočeské univerzity v Plzni. 2009, č. 2, s. 82-95.
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Západočeská univerzita v Plzni
Document type: článek
URI: http://actaff.zcu.cz/export/sites/ffacta/archives/2009/ACTA_FF_2009_2.pdf
ISSN: 1802-0364
Keywords: Jeruzalémský chrám;historie;starověký Izrael;judaismus
Keywords in different language: Jerusalem temple;history;ancient Israel;judaism
Abstract: This article describes more then 1.000 year’s history of one of the most famous building in ancient Israel. King David made Jerusalem as the centre of his kingdom and he only prepaired the building plan. Later, his son Solomon built sanctuary for God’s name. Architecture of the Jerusalem Temple was inspired in Mesopotamia. There wasn’t any statue or image of God like in Mesopotamia, but inside in the Holy of holies was only the tabernacle. Jerusalem Temple was twice destroyed. For the first time by Nebuchadnezzar II in 586 BC and for the second time was destroyed by Romans in 70 CE. Before the second destruction the Temple was rebuilt by king Herod. Herod let extend temple area, expanded Temple and gave its new form. My work descirbes how the Temple and the Temple mount looked in many periods, at Solomon’s time, at Cyrus’s time, at Herodes’s time and now. According to legends, from the Temple mount God took clay for creation of the first men Adam; there also went Abraham to sacrifice his son Isaac. That is the reason, why was this mount chosen as the place for the Jewish Temple. At the present time there is Dome of the Rock.
Rights: © Západočeská univerzita v Plzni
Appears in Collections:Číslo 2 (2009)
Číslo 2 (2009)

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