Title: Promoting diversity and national minority education in midwifery and nursing in the First Czechoslovak Republic (1918–1938): A historical analysis
Authors: Červený, Martin
Tóthová, Valérie
Novotný, Lukáš
Kratochvílová, Inka
Hellerová, Věra
Tóth, Andrej
Citation: ČERVENÝ, M. TÓTHOVÁ, V. NOVOTNÝ, L. KRATOCHVÍLOVÁ, I. HELLEROVÁ, V. TÓTH, A. Promoting diversity and national minority education in midwifery and nursing in the First Czechoslovak Republic (1918–1938): A historical analysis. Kontakt, 2022, roč. 24, č. 3, s. 219-224. ISSN: 1212-4117
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: University of South Bohemia
Document type: článek
URI: 2-s2.0-85139444726
ISSN: 1212-4117
Keywords in different language: Czechoslovak Republic;Education;Midwifery;Minority;Nursing
Abstract in different language: Introduction: The independent Czechoslovak state, established in 1918, had to cope with the multi-ethnic aspect of its many areas. Only 65% of the population belonged to the state that made up the Czechoslovak nation; the rest were national minorities, most of whom were Germans (24%). The multi-ethnic aspect of the state affected all aspects of state life, including health care and medical education. Aim: The aim of this study was a historical analysis of contemporary primary and secondary sources dealing with the issue of education of national minorities in selected non-medical professions in the period of the First Czechoslovak Republic (during the 1920s). Methods: Historical data were collected in the archives of Most, Děčín, Karlovy Vary, Opava, Cheb, Košice–Rožňava selected monastic archives, the National Archives, and the Kramerius digital library of the National Library of the Czech Republic. Results: The new Czechoslovak Republic made it possible for members of the national minority to receive full training in midwifery and nursing in their native language, thus ensuring full linguistic access to midwifery and nursing care. Conclusions: Midwifery education in the First Czechoslovak Republic was conducted in Czech, Slovak, German and Hungarian, at separate midwifery schools. In the case of nursing education, even more space was offered to members of the national minority, mainly thanks to private order nursing schools.
Rights: © authors
Appears in Collections:Články / Articles (KHV)

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