Title: Design and Operation Optimization of a Nuclear Heat-Driven District Cooling System
Authors: Abushamah, Hussein Abdulkareem Sale
Burian, Ondřej
Škoda, Radek
Citation: ABUSHAMAH, HAS. BURIAN, O. ŠKODA, R. Design and Operation Optimization of a Nuclear Heat-Driven District Cooling System. International Journal of Energy Research, 2023, roč. 23, č. August 2023, s. nestránkováno. ISSN: 0363-907X
Issue Date: 2023
Publisher: Hindawi
Document type: článek
URI: 2-s2.0-85171375380
ISSN: 0363-907X
Keywords in different language: teplator;nuclear energy;district cooling;optimization
Abstract in different language: Carbon-free thermally driven district cooling systems (DCS) can effectively mitigate the excessive electricity consumption and carbon emissions associated with the cooling sector. This study proposes a DCS that employs nuclear heat as the primary energy source. The system comprises three main subsystems: heat station, heat transmission, and cooling station. A heat-only small modular reactor called Teplator, gas boilers, and heat storage are considered to supply the heat required to drive absorption chillers; cold storage and compression chillers are the supplementary units. The technoeconomic aspects of the system are formulated, and an algorithm is developed to determine the optimal design and operation. The method is examined for supplying a typical cooling demand profile with a peak of 2050 MWc. The resulting optimized design includes 11 nuclear plants (150 MWt each), 20 000 MWth heat storage, and 1.9 m diameter heat supply/return pipes. Absorption chillers with a total capacity of 1424 MWc are determined, covering 92% of the total cooling demand, and 244 MWc of compression chillers and 20 000 MWch of cold storage are found to cover the peak and enhance the load following. This system saved 69% of the electricity consumption and carbon emissions and 34% of the costs compared with an electric-based scenario.
Rights: © The Author(s)
Appears in Collections:Články / Articles (RICE)
Články / Articles (KEE)

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